World hunger has risen for three straight years, and climate change is a cause

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Posted by admin | Posted in Agri Knowledge, Agri Sci, Climate Change, Food Security | Posted on 07-11-2018

A man walks through a greenhouse in northeastern Uganda where sustainable agriculture
techniques such as drought-resistant crops and tree planting are taught, Oct. 19, 2017.
AP Photo/Adelle Kalakouti

Jessica Eise, Purdue University and Kenneth Foster, Purdue University

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World hunger has risen for a third consecutive year, according to the United Nations’ annual food security report. The total number of people who face chronic food deprivation has increased by 15 million since 2016. Some 821 million people now face food insecurity, raising numbers to the same level as almost a decade ago.

The situation is worsening in South America, Central Asia and most regions of Africa, the report shows. It also spotlights a troubling rise in anemia among women of reproductive age. One in 3 women worldwide are affected, with health and developmental consequences for them and their children. Read the rest of this entry »

We don’t need to double world food production by 2050 – here’s why

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Posted by admin | Posted in Agri Knowledge, Agri Sci, Food Security | Posted on 15-04-2017

New research challenges the assumption that world food production must double by 2050 to keep up with demand. The authors call for more focus on conservation through measures such as these diverse winter cover crops planted on a Pennsylvania dairy farm. Mitch Hunter, Author provided

Mitch Hunter, Pennsylvania State University

For decades, American agriculture has been a paragon of productivity, churning out record crops at a steady clip. We have exported both our farm products and our way of farming around the world, and global production has risen relentlessly.

Yet now there is concern that even this is not enough. The United Nations projects that the global population will increase from 7.3 billion in 2015 to 9.7 billion in 2050. This growth will be concentrated in the world’s poorest countries, where standards of living are set to rise rapidly, increasing demand for resource-intensive meat and dairy products. Together, these trends are heightening fears that the world’s cupboards may run bare in the coming decades. Read the rest of this entry »

Can Organic Farming Feed the World?

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Posted by admin | Posted in Agri Sci | Posted on 07-07-2016

Forty five years have passed since Earl Butz, then U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, asserted, “Before we go back to organic agriculture in this country, somebody must decide which 50 million Americans we are going to let starve or go hungry.” Time has proven Butz very wrong. Read the rest of this entry »

What stops crop diversification and Why don’t Indian farmers grow more fruits and vegetables?

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Posted by admin | Posted in Agri Knowledge, Agri Sci | Posted on 27-06-2016

Out of intellectual as well as professional curiosity, I have being digging deeper into this question. In India, rice and wheat comprise 70 percent of agricultural produce by area, but less than 25 percent by value. In other words, wheat and rice are low value crops to grow compared to other options. Yet, the land area dedicated to wheat and rice has not seen a significant decrease in the last decade.

Government data shows that the consumption of wheat and rice has been declining around 1-2 percent in both urban and rural India, while the demand for fruits and vegetables has been rising by 2-3 percent annually. This again begs the question: Why aren’t farmers shifting to growing more fruits and vegetables? Read the rest of this entry »

The State of Food and Agriculture 2015

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Posted by admin | Posted in Agri Sci | Posted on 11-05-2016

The State of Food and Agriculture 2015
Social protection and agriculture: breaking the cycle of rural poverty

 The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on reducing poverty have been met by many countries, yet many others lag behind and the post-2015 challenge will be the full eradication of poverty and hunger. Many developing countries increasingly recognize that social protection measures are needed to relieve the immediate deprivation of people living in poverty and to prevent others from falling into poverty when a crisis strikes. Social protection can also help recipients become more productive by enabling them to manage risks, build assets and undertake more rewarding activities.

These benefits spread beyond the immediate recipients to their communities and the broader economy as recipients purchase food, agricultural inputs and other rural goods and services. But social protection can only offer a sustainable pathway out of poverty if there is inclusive growth in the economy. In most low- and middle-income countries, agriculture remains the largest employer of the poor and is a major source of livelihoods through wage labour and own production for household consumption and the market. Poverty and its corollaries –malnutrition, illness and lack of education – limit agricultural productivity. Hence, providing social protection and pursuing agricultural
development in an integrated way offers synergies that can increase the effectiveness of both.